Anti-Discrimination Statutes

LEGISLATION

 The following list all federal and state constitutional provisions, laws, regulations, guidelines and executive orders that prohibit or outlaw discrimination and identifies each class of persons thereunder protected:  

CONNECTICUT  

CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS 

SUBJECT 

Article First, Section 1

Equal rights for all men.

Article First, Section 3 

Freedom of religion for all persons.

Article First, Section 20 as amended by Article V and Article XXI of the Amendments to the Connecticut Constitution 

Equal protection under the law for all persons; nondiscrimination in exercise of civil and political rights on the basis of religion, race, color, ancestry, national origin and sex or physical or mental disability.

CONNECTICUT GENERAL STATUTES 

SUBJECT  

C.G.S. Section 2-120

Establishment of Latino and Puerto Rican Affairs Commission.

C.G.S. Section 2-121

Establishment of African-American Affairs Commission.

C.G.S. Section 4-61u

Establishment of programs for career mobility for all levels and job classifications complete with affirmative action annual goals and timetables and accommodation/entry level training of persons with disabilities. 

C.G.S. Section 4a-60

Affirmative action provisions in state contracts and nondiscrimination on the basis of race, color, religious creed, age, marital status, national origin, ancestry, sex, mental retardation or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 4a-60a

Nondiscrimination provision in state contracts on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 4a-60g

Establishment of small business and minority business enterprise set-aside program involving state contracts; administered by Department of Administrative Services.

C.G.S. Section 4a-61

Requirement of procedures for the award of state contracts concerning minority business enterprises. 

 

C.G.S. Section 4a-62

Establishment of Minority Business Review Committee.

C.G.S. Section 5-227

Prohibition of discrimination in state classified services because of discriminatory employment practices (as defined in C.G.S. Section 46a-51) and discrimination due to political affiliation.

C.G.S. Section 8-265

Nondiscrimination in housing financed by Connecticut Housing Authority (CHFA) on the basis of race, creed, color, national origin, or ancestry, and sex; affirmative action required of contractors engaged in construction of housing financed by CHFA.

C.G.S. Section 10-15c

Discrimination in public schools prohibited on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, and national origin or sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 10-17f

Requirement of program of bilingual education in public schools where applicable.

C.G.S. Section 10-18a

Requires use in public schools of instructional materials representative of all races, ethnic origins and both sexes.

C.G.S. Section 10-153

Nondiscrimination in employment of teachers by local or regional boards of education on the basis of sex and marital status.

C.G.S. Section 10a-10

Establishment of Office of Educational Opportunity to aid disadvantaged students and ensure workforce diversity in public institutions of higher education.

C.G.S. Section 10a-11(a)

The Board of Governors of Higher Education shall develop a strategic plan, consistent with its affirmative action policy, to ensure racial and ethnic diversity of workforce within state system of higher education.

C.G.S. Section 17a-541, 17a-549

Prohibition against denying housing, employment, civil or legal rights on the basis of psychiatric disability or past or present history of mental disorder.

C.G.S. Section 27-59

Prohibition against discrimination and segregation in armed forces of the state on the basis of race, creed or color.

 

C.G.S. Section 31-51d

Nondiscrimination in apprenticeship program training standards within state on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age and national origin; provide training, employment and upgrading opportunities for disadvantaged workers.

C.G.S. Section 31-75

Nondiscrimination in wages solely on the basis of sex.

C.G.S. Section 36a-737

Prohibition against discrimination in granting of mortgage and home improvement loans for owner- occupied properties by financial institutions on the basis of geographical or neighborhood areas.

C.G.S. Section 38a-446

Prohibition against discrimination towards classes of insurants in transactions involving life insurance.

C.G.S. Section 38a-543

Age discrimination in group insurance coverage prohibited.

C.G.S. Section 38a-816

Prohibition against unfair insurance practices on the basis of race, color, creed, physical disability, mental retardation, blindness, and genetic information.

C.G.S. Section 38a-824

Prohibition against redlining in real estate insurance transactions.

C.G.S. Section 46a-1

Establishment of a Permanent Commission on the Status of Women.

C.G.S. Section 46a-10

Establishment of an Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities.

C.G.S. Section 46a-27

Establishment of a commission for the advocacy of deaf and hearing impaired persons; and the providing of qualified interpreter services.

C.G.S. Section 46a-52

Establishment of the state commission for civil and human rights enforcement, the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities.

C.G.S. Section 46a-54(15)(A)

Requirement of employers with 3 or more employees to post notice of prohibition against sexual harassment; requirement of employers with 50 or more to provide training to supervisors regarding sexual harassment law.

C.G.S. Section 46a-54(16)

Requirement that state agencies conduct diversity training for state employees.

 

C.G.S. Section 46a-58(a)

Prohibition against deprivation of civil rights on the basis of religion, national origin, alienage, color, race, sex, blindness or physical disability.

C.G.S. Section 46a-59(a)

Prohibition against discrimination in professional and occupational associations on the basis of race, national origin, creed, sex or color.

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(1)

Prohibition against refusal to hire or employ, to bar or discharge from employment, discriminate in compensation, or in terms, conditions or privileges or employment, or on the basis of race, color, religious creed, age, sex, marital status, national origin, ancestry, present or past history of mental disorder, mental retardation, learning disability and physical disability (including blindness) without bona fide occupational qualification or need.

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(2)

Prohibition against employment agencies' failure or refusal to properly classify or refer one on the basis of race, color, religious creed, age, sex, marital status, national origin, ancestry, present or past history or mental disorder, mental retardation, learning disability and physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(3)

Prohibition against discrimination regarding membership and membership rights; discrimination against members or employers or to expel from membership by labor organizations on the basis of race, color, religious creed, age, sex, marital status, national origin, ancestry, present or past history or mental disorder, mental retardation, learning disability and physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(4)

Prohibition against retaliation for exercising right to file or participate in the processing of a discrimination complaint; prohibition against retaliation on the basis of opposing discriminatory employment practices.

C.G.S. Section 46a(a)(5)

Prohibition against aiding, abetting or inciting discriminatory employment practices.

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(6)

Prohibition against advertising of employment opportunities in a manner that discriminates on the basis of race, color, religious creed, age, sex, marital status, national origin, ancestry, present or past history of mental disorder, mental retardation, learning disability and physical disability (including blindness).

 

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(7)

Prohibition against termination of employment because of pregnancy; right of reinstatement and employment benefits; right to request temporary transfer.

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(8)

Prohibition against sexual harassment in employment 

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(9)

Prohibition against requiring information on familial responsibilities; pregnancy or birth control information in employment situations.

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(10)

Requirement of employer to take reasonable measures to protect employee from exposure to workplace hazard pursuant to C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(9).

C.G.S. Section 46a-60(a)(11)

Prohibition against employer requiring genetic information; discrimination in employment situations prohibited on the basis of genetic information.

C.G.S. Section 46a-64

Prohibition against discrimination and segregation in places of public accommodation on the basis of race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry, sex, marital status, age, lawful source of income, mental retardation, mental disability, or physical disability; requirement of full and equal access to blind, deaf or mobility impaired persons with guide dog; prohibits limiting breast-feeding.

C.G.S. Section 46a-64c

Prohibition against housing discrimination on the basis of race, color, creed, national origin, ancestry, sex, marital status, age, lawful source of income, familial status, learning disability, physical or mental disability.

C.G.S. Section 46a-66

Prohibition against discriminatory credit practices by creditors on the basis of sex, age, race, color, religious, creed, national origin, ancestry, marital status, mental retardation, learning disability, blindness or physical disability.

C.G.S. Section 46a-68 (as am ended by Public Acts 99-233 and 01-28)

Establishment of affirmative action plans for state agencies.

C.G.S. Section 46a-69

Prohibition against discriminatory practices by state agencies.

 

C.G.S. Section 46a-70(a)

(as amended by Public Act 01-28)

Guarantee of equal employment opportunities in state agencies on the basis of race, color religious creed, sex, marital status, age, national origin, ancestry, mental retardation, mental disability, learning disability or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-70a

Judicial Department included in guarantee of equal employment in state agencies.

C.G.S. Section 46a-71

(as amended by Public Act 01-28)

Nondiscrimination in services provided by state agencies on the basis of race, color, religious creed, sex, marital status, age, national origin, ancestry, mental retardation, mental disability, learning disability or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-72

(as amended by Public Act 01-28)

Nondiscrimination in job placement activities by state agencies on the basis of race, color, religious creed, sex, marital status, age, national origin, ancestry, mental retardation, mental disability, learning disability or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-73

(as amended by Public Act 01-28)

Nondiscrimination in state licensing and charter procedures on the basis of race, color, religious creed, sex, marital status, age, national origin, ancestry, mental retardation, mental disability, learning disability, or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-74

Prohibition against state agencies allowing discriminatory practices in professional or occupational associations, public accommodations or housing in violation of state anti-discrimination laws.

C.G.S. Section 46a-75(a)

(as amended by Public Act 01-28)

Nondiscrimination in state educational, counseling, apprenticeship, and on-the-job training programs on the basis of race, color, religious creed, sex, marital status, age, national origin, ancestry, mental retardation, mental disability, learning disability or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-76(a)

(as amended by Public Act 01-28)

Nondiscrimination in allocation of state benefits on the basis of race, color, religious creed, sex, marital status, age national origin, ancestry, mental retardation, mental disability, learning disability or physical disability (including blindness).

C.G.S. Section 46a-79

Statement of encouragement for employers to hire qualified persons with criminal conviction records.

 

C.G.S. Section 46a-80

Prohibition against denial of state employment or licensing based on prior conviction of a crime.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81b

Prohibition against discrimination in professional occupational associations on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81c

Prohibition against employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81d

Prohibition against discrimination and segregation in places of public accommodation on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81e

Prohibition against housing discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81f

Prohibition against discriminatory credit practices by creditors on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81h

Requirement of equal employment in state agencies on the basis of sexual orientation.

State agencies to promulgate written directives and conduct orientation and training programs.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81i

Nondiscrimination in services provided by state agencies on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81j

Nondiscrimination in job placement activities by state agencies on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81k

Nondiscrimination in state licensing and charter procedures on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81l

Prohibition against state agencies allowing discriminatory practices in professional or occupational associations, public accommodations or housing in violation of state anti-discrimination laws regarding sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81m

Nondiscrimination in state educational, counseling, apprenticeship and on-the-job training programs on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 46a-81n

Nondiscrimination in allocation of state benefits on the basis of sexual orientation.

C.G.S. Section 47-59a

Recognition of equal rights and privileges for resident Indians of state tribes.

 

C.G.S. Section 47-59b(a)

Establishment of Indian Affairs Council to oversee rights of Indians of state tribes.

C.G.S. Section 53-37

Ridicule on account of creed, religion, color, denomination, nationality or race prohibited.

C.G.S. Section 53-37 and b

Deprivation of a person's civil rights on the basis of religion, national origin, alienage, color, race, sex, blindness, or physical disability prohibited when using concealing hood/mask.

REGULATIONS: 

 

Sections 46a-54-1 - 46a-54-152

Description of Organization, Rules or Practices and Personal Data.

Sections 46a-68-1 -- 46a-68-17

Apprenticeship regulations.

Sections 46a-68-31 -- 46a-68-74

Affirmative action regulations for state agencies.

 Sections 46a-68j-21 -- 46a68j-43; Sections 46a-68k-1 -- 46a-68k-8; Sections 46a-54(d)-1 -- 46a-54(d)-7

Contract Compliance Regulations for state agencies.

GUIDELINES:

 

Guidelines prepared by the committee on Upward Mobility - Career mobility

EXECUTIVE ORDERS: 

 

Executive Order No. 3

 Gov. Thomas J. Meskill

Requirement that state contractors file compliance reports with the Commissioner of Labor on their equal employment opportunity practices.

Executive Order No. 9,

 Gov. William A. O'Neill

Affirmative action compliance mandated a top priority for state agencies.

Executive Order No. 11,

 Gov. Ella T. Grasso

Provision for promulgating affirmative action guidelines and technical assistance to state agencies.

Executive Order No. 12,

  Gov. Ella T. Grasso

Establishment of Governor's Council on opportunities for Spanish speaking persons.

Executive Order No. 18,

 Gov. Thomas J. Meskill

Establishment of affirmative action program for ensuring equal employment opportunities within state service.

 

PUBLIC ACTS: 

 

Public Act 04-135

To include within the offense of intimidation based on bigotry or bias the act of a person intimidating or harassing another person because of the actual or perceived disability or gender identity or expression of such other person.

Public Act 03-151

To provide additional training to affirmative action officers in state agencies, to define their roles with respect to investigating complaints of discrimination and to require a study of discriminatory employment practices against women employed in the field of public safety within the state.

Public Act  01-28

Defines mental disability by amending

C.G.S. Section 46a-51.

Public Act 01-53

1) Allows agencies with fewer than 20 employees to file affirmative action plans biennially;

2) extends the time for state agencies to provide diversity training for their employees from January 1, 2001 to July 1, 2002.

 

UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION: 

 

First Amendment

Freedom of religion for all persons.

Thirteenth Amendment

Prohibition against slavery and involuntary servitude.

Fourteenth Amendment

Grants equal protection under the law for all persons.

Fifteenth Amendment

Prohibition against denying voting rights on the basis of race and color.

Nineteenth Amendment

Abolishment of voting restrictions on the basis of sex.

FEDERAL LAWS: 

 

15 U.S.C. 1691

Equal Credit Opportunity Act, prohibiting discrimination by creditors on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age or as a result of income derived from public assistance.

20 U.S.C. 1681(a)

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972,  prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded educational services and programs.

29 U.S.C. Section 260(d) et. seq.

Equal Pay Act of 1963, prohibiting discriminating in wages on the basis of sex.

29 U.S.C. Sections 501 et. seq.

Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, requiring affirmative action and prohibiting discrimination in the federal sector and federally funded activities and programs on the basis of disability.

29 U.S.C. Sections 503 & 504

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities by contractors who do business with the federal government and recipients of federal assistance.

29 U.S.C. Section 621 et. seq.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended, (ADEA) prohibiting age discrimination in employment.

42 U.S.C. Sections 1981-1982

Civil Rights Act of 1866, providing equal rights under the law and property rights for persons of all races and national origins.

 

42 U.S.C. Sections 1981A et seq.

Civil Rights Act of 1991, providing additional coverage and remedies under several anti-discrimination laws, involving age, disability, race, color, national origin, sex and religious discrimination, specifically provides for damages in cases of intentional discrimination in employment.

42 U.S.C. Section 1983

Civil Rights Act of 1866, provides equal rights under the law and property rights for persons of all races and national origins, and specifically provides that anyone who, under color of state or local law, causes a person to be deprived of rights guaranteed by the U.S. constitution, or federal law, is liable to that person.

42 U.S.C. Section 1985

Civil Rights Act of 1866, pertains to a conspiracy to interfere with civil rights, (1) to prevent an officer from performing a duty; (2) obstructing justice; intimidating party, witness, or juror; (3) or depriving persons of rights or privileges.

42 U.S.C. Section 2000d et. seq.

Title VI of  the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibition against exclusion from participation in, denial of benefits of, and discrimination under federally assisted programs on grounds of race, color, or national origin.

42 U.S.C. Section 2000e et. seq.

Title VII of  the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of race, color. religion, national origin, and sex.

42 U. S. C. Section 3601 et. seq.

Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended, prohibiting discriminatory housing on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability and familial status, specifically provides for fair housing throughout the United States.

42 U. S. C. Section 12101 et. seq.

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990,  (ADA) prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, public accommodations, public services and telecommunications.

 

FEDERAL REGULATIONS: 

 

12 CFR 202

Equal Credit Opportunity regulations.

28 CFR Part 36

Regulations on nondiscrimination towards persons with disabilities by public accommodations and commercial facilities.

29 CFR Part 30

Equal Employment Opportunity in apprenticeship and training.

29 CFR Part 32

Nondiscrimination in federally assisted programs on basis of handicap.

29 CFR Parts 1600 through 1699

Regulations of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

29 CFR Part 1602

EEOC records and reports under Title VII and the ADA.

29 CFR Part 1620

Interpretations of Equal Pay Act.

29 CFR Part 1627

ADEA records and reports regulations.

29 CFR Part 1630

Equal employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities.

31 CFR Part 51

Nondiscrimination by revenue sharing recipients

41 CFR Part 60-1

Office of Federal Contract Compliance (OFCCP) regulations

41 CFR Part 60-741

Affirmative action and non-discrimination obligations regulations pertaining to disabled workers

FEDERAL GUIDELINES: 

 

29 CFR Part 1604

Sex discrimination guidelines.

29 CFR Part 1605

Religious discrimination guidelines.

29 CFR Part 1606

National origin discrimination guidelines.

29 CFR Part 1607

Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures.

29 CRF Part 1608

Affirmative action guidelines as under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

29 CFR Part 1625

Interpretations of Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA).

 

EXECUTIVE ORDERS (EO): 

 

Executive Order 10652

Establishment of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Amended EO 10773, Amended by

EO 11051, Revoked by EO 12148.

Executive Order 10952,

 President John F. Kennedy

Establishment of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

Executive Order 11063

Establishment of President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in Housing Amended by EO 12259.

Executive Order 11141

Declaring a Public Policy Against Discrimination on the Basis of Age.

Executive Orders 11246 and 11375, 

 President Lyndon B. Johnson

Nondiscrimination in federal employment and employment by federal contractors on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.  Amended by EO's 11375, 11478, 12086, 12107.

Executive Order 11625

Prescribing Additional Arrangements for Developing and Coordinating a National Program for Minority Business Enterprises.  Amended by EO 12007, Continued by EO's 11827, 11948.

Executive Order 12067

Providing for Coordination of Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Programs.  Amended by EO 12107.

Executive Order 12138

Creating a national Women's Business Enterprise policy and prescribing arrangements for developing, coordinating, and implementing a national program for Women's Business Enterprise.  Amended by EO 12608.

Executive Order 12190

Establishment of Advisory Committee on Small and Minority Business Ownership.  Continued By EO's 12258, 12399, 12489, 12534, 12610.

Executive Order 12259

Leadership and Coordination of Fair Housing in Federal Programs.

Executive Order 12432

Development of Minority Business Enterprises.

Executive Order 12640

Re-establishment of the President's Committee on Employment of People with Disabilities,

See also EO 10555 .

Executive Order 12898

Environmental Justice.

 

 

104th Congress 

 

 

Public Law 104-1

An Act applying and extending rights and protections (including those under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990) to the legislative branch of the federal government 

"Congressional Accountability Act of 1995".

 

Public Law 104-76

Act to amend the Fair Housing Act to modify the exemption from certain familial status discrimination prohibitions granted to housing for older persons

"Housing for Older Persons Act of 1995".

 

Public Law 104-188

Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996.

 

Public Law 104-331

(same as above) applied to Executive Office of the President"Presidential and Executive Office Accountability Act ".

105th Congress 

 

Public Law 105-114

Act amending Title 38, providing for Equal Employment Opportunities for veterans.

 

Public Law 105-220

"Workforce Investment Act of 1998" Act to consolidate coordinate, and improve employment, training, literacy, and vocational rehabilitation programs in the United States. Various programs noted, for example:

Title I, SubtitledSection 166 - Native American programs

   Section 167 - Migrant and seasonal for worker programs

  Section 168 - Veteran' workforce investment programs

Title IV - Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998

Dealing with programs for those persons with disabilities.

                         

Public Law 105-255

An Act to establish the Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development.

 

106th Congress 

 

Public Law 106-50

An Act to provide technical, financial, and procurement assistance to veteran owned small businesses ("Veterans Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development Act of 1999").

 

Public Law 106-205

Supporting the Day of Honor 2000 to honor and recognize the service of minority veterans in the United States Armed Forces. 

Rev. 6/03